CABAS ( kah bas )
- Version of PHRYGIAN BONNET brought out by Sally Victor in 1956.
CABRIOLET BONNET (kab ree o leh, kab ree ah leh )
- Large 19c. bonnet with brim, suggesting shape of two wheeled carriage top.
CALASH, CALECHE ( ka lash )
- Large folding hood supported by hoops, designed to be raised or lowered over the exaggerated 18c. hair styles and MOBS. Named after folding top of calash or light carriage. Also THERESE, GAUZIER, BASHFUL BONNET.
CALOT, CALOTTE ( ka lot )
- Small, round skullcap. Ancient Greek origin. In medieval times, worn under hood or crown. In 17c., worn under wig or as night cap over shaved head. Also ZUCHETTO, YARMULKA, SCHOOLBOY'S BEANIE or DINK.
CALPAC ( kal pac )
- Large, black cap of felt or sheepskin worn by men in Bulgaria. Also SHAPKA, COSSACK CAP.
CAMURO ( cah mow ro )
- Ermine trimmed, red velvet cap, larger than a skullcap, formerly worn by Pope of Roman Catholic Church.
- Broad brimmed felt army hat with four dents in top of crown, W W I.
CANOTIER ( kan o tyay )
- French version of the straw sailor hat, with straight brim, flat crown. Also BOATER.
- Of ancient origin. Snug fitting head covering, usually with partial brim or visor. Many variations during Middle Ages for men, women and children. Modern versions as BASEBALL
, HUNTING, JOCKEY, SPORTS, BOY'S ENGINEER, ARMY FORAGE, etc.
- Half hat made by attaching fabric or felt to a bicycle clip
CAPELINE ( cap e lin )
- Hat with small round crown and a wide, floppy brim.
CAPOTE ( ka pote )
- Close fitting bonnet with rigid brim, either of straw or boned into shape. Soft, shirred crown , ribbon bows tied under the chin, Victorian 19c. with deep ruffle in back. Also POKE BONNET, FANCHON, SCUTTLE BONNET, SUN BONNET.
CAPUCHE ( ka poosh )
- Long, pointed hood worn by the Capuchin monks.
CAPUCHON ( kap yoo chin )
- Medieval pointed hooded cape, the top stiffened down the center. Developed into the CHAPERON.
CAPULET ( Kap yoo let )
- ( Fr. ca poo lay ) Adaptation of Juliet cap, worn on back of head. Juliet Capulet, Heroine of Shakespeare's play, " Romeo and Juliet."
- ( from 13c. ) Red hat with short, rounded crown and broad flat brim. Rank was designated by the number of tassels which terminated the cords.
- Woman's hat with very wide, stiff brim and low crown. Usually of straw.
CASQUE ( kask )
- French for helmet. A helmet shaped hat. Illustration is a 1980's version of the casque, covered with feather pads.
CASTOR HAT ( kas ter )
- From French word for beaver or rabbit
CATER CAP ( kay ter )
- (19c., 17c. ) Term for square, university cap. Also MORTARBOARD.
CAUBEEN ( caw been )
- Irish slang term for an old and shabby hat.
CAUL ( kol )
- ( 14c., 15c., 16c. ) Headdress of hair arranged at each side of the head in silken cases. Arrangement covered with net of silver or gold cord, inter spaced with jewels and beads. Held in place by a golden headband or crown fitted over the upper edge of the caul. Also GOLDEN NET CAUL, RETICULATED HEADDRESS, CREPINE, CRESTINE, CRESPINETTE.
CAVALIER HAT, CHEVALIERS
- (17C. ) Wide brimmed hat, velvet or beaver, trimmed with ostrich plumes on the left side or back. Usually one side of the brim is cocked or rolled. Seen in portraits of aristocrats of the period. The gentleman's hat as portrayed by the Flemish painter, Sir Anthony Van Dyck, and the Dutch painter, Frans Hals. The CAVALIER hat had the crown circled with jeweled necklace or a gem encrusted sil band. Although some Puritans are pictured wearing the Cavalier hat, the usual Puritan and Quaker hat was of the same high quality but without the plumes or ornate band and the brim worn straight.
- The traditional concealing garment worn by Moslem Women in public was semicircular, and wrapped around the head.
CHAPEAU ( sha po )
- French word for outdoor head covering. A chapeau has a crown and a brim.
- See Gibus hat.
- Circle or triangle or lace, formerly placed on the head when entering a Catholic Church for services. It was carried in purse.
CHAPLET ( chap lit )
- Circle of fresh flowers, later fashioned in gold and enamels in Age of Antiquity.
CHAPERON ( shap ah ron )
- ( Middle Ages into Renaissance ) Pointed hood ( long point known as liripipe ) with short cape. The hood face opening was placed over the forehead as a headband and the cape gathered up and pleated in the form of a fan . The liripipe was twisted around the pleated cape to hold it in place. (14c. ) The petal scalloping or dagged or castellated edge was a variation. (15c. ) This was gradually sewn into place as a hat. The chaperon was made up over a stuffed roll or ROUNDLET. The liripipe eventually acquired great lengths.
- Late 1970's rumpled tweed hat worn by New York Senator Pat Moynihan.
CHARLOTTE CORDAY ( shar lot cor day )
- Version of MOB worn by Charlotte Corday during the French reign of terror, 1793. Tricolor band and rosette was the distinguishing feature.
CHECHIA ( she shee a )
- Berber skullcap or TASHASHIT. Deep cylindrical, flat-topped cap of felt with a tuft or tassel. French regiment of Zouaves, organized in 1831, adopted the red felt chechia. Also FEZ
CHIGNON CAP ( shen yon )
- A little cap worn over the bun or coil of hair at the back of the head. Various styles and fabrics.
- Hat with a strong brim ( bumper ) that acts as a shock absorber when the child is learning to walk and tumbles.
CHOU ( shoo, French word fpr cabbage )
- Rosette of tulle, lace, velvet, or ribbon used as ornament on hats in the late 19c. In 1938, term used for a soft hat with crushed crown.
CITY FLAT CAP
- Beret, with small brim, made of wool, felt, or knitted of black woolen yarn. ( 16c. ) See STATUE CAP.
CLAFT, KLAFT, HAT
- ( Coptic for hood ) Ancient Egyptian striped linen headdress. After Napoleon's Egyptian campaign in 1798, the French Foreign Legion adopted the curtain like headdress for desert warfare. See KLAFT for illustration.
- (klosh) French word for bell. Soft style of the 1920's, fashioned from a hood of chiffon or handkerchief felt. Hat that covered the head to the neck in back; it came to the eyebrows in front. A flapper age, boyish style.
COAL SCUTTLE BONNET
- ( Late 18c., early 19c. ) Bonnet with flat back and a scoop brim that resembles a coal scuttle. Also POKE BONNET, CAPOTE.
- Hat with large brim that turned up in various ways. Also BICORNE, TRICORNE
, CAVALIER, CONTINENTAL, ANDROSMAN KEVENHULLER.
- Men's and women's close fitting cap of uncertain origin. ( koif ) Varying in style usually of soft cloth ( Medieval ). Worn by the clergy, under crowns of the nobles, under the metal helmet. In the 16c., worn under caps or the elaborate wigs. Through 19c., under wigs.
- Straw hat, usually woven in one piece, with a downward slant from a peaked crown. Hats worn by Chinese coolies. A straw hat fashion in 1980. Sometimes styled in fabric.
- Daniel Boone hat, worn by American frontiersmen. Made from raccoon skins, with the tail hanging down in back.
- ( 12c. ) The doges of the Republic of Venice wore the tall, conical ducal bonnet. From 13c. on the shaped cap it had the point rising from the upper back. Worn over the white linen coif. Last Doge of Venice ( 1797 ) was conquered by Napoleon.
- Adaptation of cap worn by Russian Cossacks. Usually of fur or felt. Hat wider at the top than at the head size. A style in the 1980's made up in Persian lamb and fur fabric for women. A winter hat for men worn at an angle with a center identation.
- ( Norman ) Medieval head covering for women. A piece of fabric draped over the head and to the shoulders. Also COVERCHIEF, HEADRALL ( Anglo-Saxon ).
- Originally a felt hat worn by cattle herders. The 1980's "urban cowboys and cowgirls" were wearing straw and felt versions of this wide, rolled brim hat with high creased crown. Also STETSON
COWL or CAPUCHON
- ( Medieval ) Monk's hood attached to a cloak.
- ( Gothic ) A development in the RETICULATED HEADDRESS, consisting of the tight golden headband to which the CAULS were attached on the sides.