- Hat with shallow crown and downward curved brim. Shape resembles a mushroom. ( 20c. )
- Worn both indoors and outdoors in 18c. Lace cap, also, linen, net, lawn. Large ribbon bow in center of cap. Took many forms, from a small lace cap to a towering MOB.
- ( 17C. ) Originally mad in " capper's town " Monmouth, England. Knitted woolen cap with turned up band. Stocking cap is the modern version.
MONTERO ( mon tar o, mon tay ro )
- Spanish word for huntsman or horsemen. A round-crowned cap with a divided flap which can be turned up or worn down to protect the neck and ears. Appeared in late 15. In 17., worn in place of a wig over a shaved head, cap usually of velvet . EUGENIE WIG was a knitted montero cap, so named because they were presented to the English Arctic expedition of 1875 by refugee Empress Eugenie. This form of cap still worn by farmers and huntsmen.
- Consists of close-fitting cap with point over the forehead, attached to square top. Tassel in academic colors.
- Small tricorn worn perched above a high wig. Style adopted by fashion extremists of the Macaroni Club ( London, 1760 ), who were Italian-traveled young men. The term evolved from the 17c. Italian common people habit of calling the court dwarfs by the name of their favorite food, such as macaroni.
MANTILLA ( man tee ya, man til a )
- French 18c. Chantilly lace replaced Moorish head scarf, black or white ( blonde ). Shawlike 19c. national Spanish or Mexican headdress of lace worn with a high comb.
- ( Middle Ages ) Woman's head covering in any Catholic religious assembly. Evolved into HEADRAIL, HEADTIRE, WIMPLE. Also PALLA. Until 12c.
MARIE STUART COIFS AND CAPS
- Small wired FRENCH HOOD that dips in front to give a heart-shaped effect. From Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots ( 1542-87 ), who was educated in France.
- ( Also BULLFIGHTER HAT ) Shape is a copy of a bull's head with short stubby horns. Broad decorated piece on crown represents bull's eye ( Ancient Cretan symbol ).
MERRY WIDOW HAT
- ( Early 20c. ) Fashioned named for opereta " Merry Widow " by Franz Lehar. Large hat with wide brim, decorated with " willow" plumes and flowers.
- ( 18c. ) " Country " fashion, garden hat with a low crown and wide brim, worn over a lingerie cap. Hat tied down with ribbon under chin. Fashion of fine straw, leghorn or horsehair. Also BERGERE, SHEPHERDESS, GYPSY, SKIMMER.
MITER, MITRE ( my ter )
- Modern headdress of Catholic church dignitaries. A tall conical cap with ties or lappets hanging in back. Cap has two peaks, which fold flat against each other. Evolved from Ancient Eastern mitra.