- Hat with a low crown and a broad, straight brim that has a slight curve a outer edge. Adapted from the hats that priests and missionaries wore. In 1978, Adri designed felt and straw. Popular style in the 1980's both felt and straw. Also PARSON'S HAT.
- ( term from Roman occupation ) Medieval European head drapery that evolved from headrail.
- Hand woven straw hat from leaves of the jipijapa ( he pi ha pa ) plant that grows in Central and South America. Taken its name from Panama where it is sold.
PETASOS ( pet a sos, PETASUS pet a sus )
- Earliest hats, of felt or straw, with brims that curved upward or downward. Introduced into pre-Hellenic Europe by Cretans, who had knowledge of felt making. Later, part of Greek traveling costume. Hat could be permitted to hang down the back when not in use by means of a thin chin strap or cords that tied under the chin. Many variations developed, an example would be the winged hat of ( Greek ) Hermes or ( Roman ) Mercury. Other examples are found in the IV and III B.C. Tanagra statuettes.
PHRYGIAN BONNET ( frij I an )
- Ancient ( Oriental ) cone-shaped cap with a point that falls forward if made of felt or woolen cloth, or remains erect if made of leather. Cap of freed slaves of Ancient Rome. Cap of liberty or "le BONNET ROUGE " during French Revolution in 18c. Illustration shows Scythian-Persian influence, later adapted by the Greeks. The female " Liberty " statue shows the style.
PILEUS ( py lee us, Roman, of PILOS Greek )
- A close fitting cap of felt or leather or wool, similar to skullcap. Common to Ancient people. During the Renaissance, the cap evolved into BIRETTA.
- Small cap that has a flat crown with straight sides. In Medieval times developed from a FILLET. Fashion made popular in 1960's by Jackie Kennedy. Also GARIBALDI PILLBOX.
- ( 19c. ) Helmet-shaped hat of English army in India. Made from pith of the Indian spongewood tree, covered with white cotton and faced with green cloth. Originally worn in tropical regions as protection from the sun. worn by polo players in the 20c. Hindu name TOPE or TOPI.
- Worn by sugar planters of Jamaica. Various weaves. Style of hat worn by golfer J. C. Snead in 1980's.
- By 1800, coiffures were " smaller heads, " and bonnets were replacing the huge MOBS and CALASH styles. The poke shaped bonnet with rounded front brim had a small crown. The bonnet came in various shapes and fabrics.
- ( 1930's ) A new shape in men's hats had a low crown with telescoped flat top. First shown in felt, then straw. Adapted for women.
POSTILION HAT ( poce till yon )
- Also called the REMBRANDT or REUBENS from the great painters of the 17c. Revivals of the style in 18c. and 19c. The post riders of early 19c., traveling coaches wore a high hat with tapering crown.
- Hat that is worn tilted to one side to show profile.
PUGGAREE ( pug ree ) or PUGGREE
- From pagri, East Indian word for a turban or scarf that is worn as protection against the sun. Now the pleated scarf worn as a band on a straw or felt hat.
- High, flat-crowned felt hat with wide uncocked brim and a silver buckle on a ribbon band. CAVALIER and PURITAN hats ( 17c. ) had the same basic form, but CAVALIER hats had ostrich plumes and were worn cocked.
The term for a turban within India, Bangladesh and Pakistan. It specifically refers to a headdress that is worn by men and needs to be manually tied.