- Persian and Arabic for crown. A brimless, tall, cone shaped cap of distinction.
TAM O' SHANTER
- A variation of the Scottish bonnet named after a character in the poem by Robert Burns. Cap was made of heavy brushed wool with a center tassel.
- Straw hat with a tall conical crown from Ivc., IIIc., B.C. Greece. Example from terra cotta statuette of a woman from Boeotion town of Tanagra. Also PETASOS, THOLIA.
- Arabic for cap. Brimless felt or cloth skullcap, worn by both men and women of the Mohammedan faith. Usually , red, sometimes has a scarf draped around it or covered with a veil. Larger than a FEZ
- ( Late 16c. ) Large hood of gauze over a frame of wire or whale bone. Also CALASH.
TIARA ( tee ar a )
- Greek origin, crown. Woman's crown-like headdress of jewels. Also ancient Persian, Assyrian head covering of the king. A tall conical cap. Also TIRE, MITRE
- ( 1960 ) A washable toweling hat, mad of cotton terry cloth.
- Worn for formal occasions with tail coat. Tall cylindrical crown in various heights. Late 19c., changed from beaver to silk hat. Also TOPPER, SILKER.
- Hindu, hat worn in India and other tropical countries as protection from the sun. See PITH HELMET.
TOQUE ( toke )
- small brimless hat or cap full crown and draped of decorated with puffs, lace. Can be decorated with feathers or veiling. Formerly a 16c. small hat, full crown, feather. Some versions have a small brim. Queen Mary of England ( 20c. ) favored this style. At the inauguration of President Reagan in 1981, Nancy Reagan wore a red, braided toque that matched her coat.
- Three cornered hat with upturned wide brim. As the Cavalier hat grew larger and the brim began to droop, fashion led to " cocking " the brim up on one side. Last half of 17c., the hat was cocked on three sides, thus becoming the TRICORNE.
- Ancient Babylonian and Assyrian hat of wool or felt with short lappets.
TUDOR BERET, RENAISSANCE BERET
- From 1539 painting of Henry VIII portrait by Holbein. Hat of velvet with jewel and feather.
TUQUE ( tuke )
- Winter knitted hat, tapered and closed at both end. Worn with one end tucked into the other. Seen at Canadian winter sporting events.
- Ancient Oriental headdress, consisting of long pieces of cloth rolled and formed over a cap. Periodically the fashion is revived in various forms, especially when European culture is exposed to the Orient. The Moors in Spain, the returning Crusaders in 11-13c., the capture of Constantinople in 1453, all brought Eastern influence in costume and hairstyles. The Napolenic campaign in Egypt brought this influence to Europe( Empire fashion) in early 19c. The illustration is of an 1931 French turban executed by Mr. Alexander. Early 20c., fashion was influenced by Paul Poiret's fascination with costumes and fabrics of Eastern styles. Throughout the 20c., various styles of the turban have been presented.
- Etruscan ( 700-300 B.C. ) Braided hairstyle of women evolved into conical shaped cap, as worn by peasants and soldiers.
For all intents and purposes a TRILBY is synonymous with FEDORA. FEDORA is used more in the USA and TRILBY preferred in the United Kingdom.